Anxiety Disorder Overview
Having anxiety in situations throughout life is perfectly normal. What isn’t normal is having anxiety all the time about every last thing. Feeling anxious about a test or making decisions is a part of life. But when you are worried or afraid constantly that is when it is a problem.
The symptoms of anxiety can make work and school and personal relationships harder than they need to be. There are a few types of anxiety disorders out there, and we are going to take a look at some of them.
Generalised Anxiety Disorder
Generalised Anxiety Disorder means people worry or have anxiety most days regularly for six months or more. What they worry about is different for every person. It can be anything from work, dealing with people, what’s in the news or things people don’t usually worry about.
Some symptoms are:
– Being irritable
– Being easily fatigued
– Concentration difficulties
– Having muscle tension
– Having problems falling or staying asleep
– Feeling increasingly restless or wound up
– Difficulty controlling feeling worried
Panic disorders mean people have panic attacks. Panic attacks can be scary because they can seemingly come out of nowhere and even be painful. These are moments of severe fear and panic that last a few minutes. Thoughts or events can trigger them.
Panic attacks can make people afraid to go out or be in new situations. They may want to prevent them by just not going out. This can actually cause agoraphobia or make them afraid to meet new people.
Some symptoms include:
– Feelings of impending doom
– Feeling out of control
– Heart palpitations or racing heart
– The sensation of shortness of breath or trouble breathing
– Trembling or shaking
A phobia is an intense fear of certain situations or objects. Being anxious can be normal, but being afraid or having a phobia means their fear doesn’t match the actual danger.
Symptoms of phobias are:
– Having unendurable intense anxiety when dealing with objects and situations
– Taking active steps just to avoid a situation
– Irrational or excessive worry associated with encountering an object or situation
– Having immediate anxiety upon coming across the feared object and situation
Some phobias are fears about specific things. These include fears of blood, heights, flying, receiving injections, or certain animals. These are very common and well-known.
Social Anxiety Disorder
Some people have an intense fear of anxiety when it comes to social situations. That means it may be difficult for them to talk to people. They may panic at the idea of having to interact with others. It can lead them to avoid situations where that may happen.
People with agoraphobia may be afraid of:
– Being in enclosed spaces
– Being in open spaces
– Being outside of the home alone
– Using public transportation
– Standing in line or being in a crowd
Because of this, they may find it impossible to leave house. They may have panic attacks when attempting or thinking about these situations.